Hey bloggers!
This has been one incredible journey with all of you! I am sad this is the last post or mine!

This is my first ever storify, so I hope you enjoy it!

I’ve chosen to do my story on rape and sexual assault survival as it is a topic that hits really close to home for me.

Click here to go to my STORIFY.

Stay Strong, Happy and Healthy!


Most People in Today’s Society are Journal Citizens

Hello my fellow bloggers and 2F00 friends!
How are you doing this week?

First, I would like to say that I didn’t receive any comments on my last post, which is unfortunate because I love reading what you all have to say! However, I understand that sometimes life can get busy and people don’t always have the time to comment.

That being said, I would also like to say thank you for all of your great blog posts! They have all been both entertaining and interesting to read, I will actually miss this class a little bit, but our blogs are forever stored on the Internet together, so in a way we will always be connected. 🙂

I have no comments to comment on in this post, so I shall just write a summation of my last post and include some interesting points I found while reading some of my group members’ blogs on citizen journalism.

My last post I noticed seem to take a different approach than others I had read, while Marissa’s post “Welcome to the World of Online Journalism” was generalized around politics and Kathy’s post “Civil Journalism” is about growth in today’s youth with use of sites such as Twitter, mine was more about myself and how I use the WWW and that I consider myself part of citizen journalism.

Kathy states in her blog that she is not a participant in citizen journalism, but her children are as they are active Twitter, Facebook and Instagram users. However, I would like to argue her statement on saying she is not a participant, because even if it just because of this course, she has now become one. These weekly blogs have made everyone in 2F00 citizen journalists.

According to Marissa’s blog, citizen journalism has changed journalism in a positive light, because before the World Wide Web it took a long time for journalists to get their voice heard, as they had to wait to get published in papers or magazines, or simply word of mouth. The WWW speeds up the process for many who have something important to share with the public.

I agree that the journalism on the Internet is definitely an improvement in most areas, however not so much in politics. As Marissa states, politics have always interested the older generation more so than the younger, and the older generation is not up to snuff with the technology of the WWW. Marissa suggests that it would be a good idea to have polling done online thinking that more people would be voting because having a button in their hand is easier and less time consuming than finding a polling station. However, I think maybe the option to vote online, or at a polling station would be most beneficial, as it would then be able to target both young and older generations.

I also found Kathy’s blog post interesting as she states that citizen journalism is a great way for the youth to express themselves and expand on their knowledge and so has a huge impact on their personal development.

Thanks for reading my blogs!
Stay Strong, Happy and Healthy!

I am a participant in citizen journalism, are you?

Hello again fellow bloggers!

I’d like to say that this has been one stressful week for me, so my post is a little bit on the later side of when I usually post. I’ve been in and out of the hospital unfortunately.

I hope everyone’s weeks are going well! I also cannot believe that this is the last module for this class! It has been such an incredible journey. I feel like I have learned so much, not just about my own personal subject that I chose in the beginning of the course, but also about others topics as well such as Denise’s topic: eating disorders, Tenisha’s topic: wedding planning and Marissa’s topic: living in equality.

For this module the first thing I would like to say is that I am definitely a participant in citizen journalism! This blog is a great example of me doing exactly that! Not to mention Facebook as well. However, I have never really been a huge fan of Twitter. I am not sure if this is because I never really understood the point of it, or maybe just because I grew up more in the Facebook generation. I have found that more people that are younger than me are strong Twitter followers, while people around my age are more interested in Facebook.

So, being one that is completely oblivious to what Twitter really is, I definitely learned a great deal of knowledge from Alfred Hermida, Axel Bruns and Tim Highfield.

Hermida (2012) argues that socialized and communalized media (such as Twitter) is reshaping how the world sees journalism. He claims that “[t]he impact of social media on the definition of authority is not just affecting the profession of journalism, but also the field of academic knowledge and medicine” (p. 659). I would like to agree with Hermida on this subject for sure. I believe that online community web based sites such as Twitter, Facebook, and any other website that allows oneself to express their emotions, or talk about news around the world is severely hurting the journalism industry. People today seem to be more interested in reading what the general public has to say about their own news, rather than listening to broadcast journalist on news shows or reading print journalism in newspapers. People want to be involved with the news, not just watch or read about it. The building blocks of journalism are basically facts, truth and reality (Hermida, 2012, p. 659) and the public wants to be a part of this reality.

I believe this is why 198 newspapers and TV stations in the US had an official Twitter account by the year 2010 (Hermida, 2012, p. 662). These old forms of journalism did not want to lose their viewers and readers so they molded with society onto Twitter, where the general public can communicate and be involved with the news.

This is what makes me think, maybe I am not interested in being involved with Twitter, because I have never really been interested the daily news. It is only when some natural disaster happens that I really tune into the news, usually on television but sometimes I will read a paper if the title and image capture my attention.

Twitter and other online community websites that share news are considered to be ‘citizen journalism,’ by Bruns and Highland. Citizen journalism is basically the integration of random acts of journalism that consist of specific technological and practical voluntary contributions by random citizens (Bruns & Highland, 2012, p. 4), thus the public communicating with each other and professional journalists in order to create Twitter comments that pass on from one Twitter user to the next.

Hope you have enjoyed reading this blog post! It was probably one of the most difficult modules for me to grasp, so I hope it makes at least a little sense!

Stay Strong, Happy and Healthy!

Bruns, A. & T. Highfield. (2012). Blogs, Twitter, and breaking news: The produsage of citizen journalism. pre-publication draft on personal site []. Published in: Lind, R. A. ed. (2012). Produsing Theory in a Digital World: The Intersection of Audiences and Production. New York: Peter Lang. p15-32.

Hermida, A. (2012). TWEETS AND TRUTH: Journalism as a discipline of collaborative verification. Journalism Practice. 6:5-6, p659-668

Stereotypes with Rape

Hello blogworld!
First I’d like to say this is my first ever podcast, so if I seem a little new, it’s because I am!

I chose the article about Steubenville’s rape case in Ohio combined with the article about Serena Williams’ inconsiderate comment about the Steubenville rape case. I believe that these two articles combined can definitely demonstrate my argument about the stereotypes revolving around rape and sexual assault.

A side note: Later Serena Williams does end up apologizing for her comment “the sixteen year old girl should not have put herself in that position.” However, even so it does not change the fact she had said it in the first place.


We are all Pirates! ;)

Hello once again to my fellow bloggers and readers!

Hope you have been enjoying this course as much as I have! I will miss reading all of your blogs and thoughts on the same issues! Only one more module after this one!

This posting will be a follow-up blog to my last entry called “Are you a Pirate?” and I will try to answer this question based on my own experience and the thoughts of my fellow blog group members.

As the title of this posting states; we are in fact all pirates in some shape or form. We are all guilty of this, whether it is with downloading music, movies, programs, games or other such things. Marissa says that she is only guilty of this because she is a student and loves music, so cheap or free music is the most convenient and logical way to go. Another group member Kathy, states that she downloads music simply for the enjoyment of the music.

I’d also like to note here that Larry Lessig says in his video that for the youth of our generation piracy is how we express our creative side. He says that the youth are constantly breaking the law and it is just the way of life in today’s society. Therefore, he concludes that the youth generation are all modern pirates and therefore concluding my question from my last blog posting. However, I find it interesting that in Kathy’s blog, she posted an image about data of youth and piracy between the years of 2004 to 2007. What is interesting about this image and data is that the percentage of youth pirating is actually decreasing as time goes on which states the opposite of what Lessig is conveying in his video.

So, in a way, I guess this leads us to another question if this data is correct. Are the preventative methods of piracy working? Are people paying attention to the labels on DVDs, CDs and other forms of media? Are youth realizing the dangers of being caught with piracy? Is everyone still a pirate, or have we just been pirates in the past?

I leave you with these questions to think about, thanks for reading!

Stay Strong, Happy and Healthy!

Are you a Pirate? A blog about Music Piracy

Hello again to my fellow bloggers and readers!

I am writing to you once again about issues revolving around copyright laws, and more so the music industry and its laws. As I have mentioned in the title of this blog a question that you may want to ponder after reading this posting.
I am not referring the term ‘pirate’ to the typical “rough-and-tumble man churning on the high seas, brandishing a cutlass, and squinting hard with one eye while his other lies behind a rugged black patch” (Steinmetz & Tunnell, 2013, p. 53).

I am referring to the youth culture today and how they use, purchase and sometimes even steal music, movies and other sorts of media. Steinmetz and Tunnell explain the modern pirate as “[y]oung people, using computers to download digitized intellectual property” (Steinmetz & Tunnell, 2013, p. 53). Many young people have made their own youth culture by using programs such as Napster; that are built for sharing music and communicating from one person to another. They have per say created their own sub culture of piracy (Bradley, 2006, para.1). Though most pirates today are in fact youth, there is the odd person outside of this age category as well.

Even with all of the preventative measures towards piracy that the industries have been making, there is still this issue of stolen music and movies. Some of these preventative measures include posting labels on the DVD or VHS tape (in the past), and printed warnings on compact discs (CDs). Not only this, but “The Department of Homeland Security has shut down 82 websites that either engaged in the sale of counterfeit goods or facilitated on-line piracy” (Steinmetz & Tunnell, 2013, p. 54).

That being said, is taking artwork of others without their permission always piracy? Well, according to Larry Lessig it is not. Lessig argues that if the person is using music or images of others and creating their own work of art, such as a mash-up or a remix it is not piracy because the work is not reproduced in full. Lessig states that this is the world our youth is growing up in, and it is their way of communicating. This is a statement I definitely agree with, I can honestly say that I fall into this category, and perhaps maybe even a bit into the piracy category of music, however never of film. This brings me to ask myself this question: If I am willing to spend my money on good quality films, why not music as well? Is anyone else in this same boat? Are you a pirate of today?

Stay Strong, Happy and Healthy!

Bradley, D. (2006). Scenes of Transmission: Youth Culture, MP3 File Sharing, and Transferable Strategies of Cultural Practice. M/C Jounral. 9 (1).
Lessig, L. Laws that choke creativity. TED Talks (2007). Filmed March 2007, posted November 2007 on
Steinmetz, K., & Tunnell, K. (2013). Under the Pixilated Jolly Roger: A Study of On-Line Pirates. Deviant Behavior. 34(1), p. 53-67.

Summarizing: The Communicating Internet Communities: Youtube, Wikipedia and other social websites

Hello to my blog followers!

Unfortunately I did not get any comments on my previous blog in order to write about a lot in this one. However, I will try my best to sum up my own points from my initial blog as well as make some comments on a few of my group members blogs.

First off, I just wanted to say that I chose to write about the two articles because they had reminded me of the previous readings we have done thus far. However, the other readings as well as the short video were also very interesting to read and watch though.

One thing I found while going through my blog group’s posts was Marissa’s take on material on the Internet and copyright. You can find her blog here. She states that the Internet is a place to reproduce other people’s material. For example everything posted on Youtube has been done before somewhere out there. There is no way to really prevent this from happening, everyone who thinks their own work is in fact their own, sometimes it isn’t because someone else out there at one point had done something very similar if not the same. As Marissa says “everything is a copy of something.”

I also found it interesting how Denise took the concept of copyright laws and put it towards her own experiences of watching Youtube videos about eating disorders. She states that most of these videos consist of clips from television shows. Which in a way backs up what Marissa was stating about everything being a copy of something, somewhere out there. These clips from television shows do in fact have copyright laws on them, however it seems as though people out there ignore this and reproduce their own material illegally using others’ materials. Denise’s blog can be found here.

I wish I had more to say for this post, it is difficult when I had no comments on my initial post. Hopefully next module goes better as far as commenting and receiving comments.

Stay Strong, Happy and Healthy

Cultural Commons and the Copyright Laws

Hello again fellow Communication, Popular Culture and Film students,

Once again these have been interesting articles on media. Parts of the article The Cultural Logic of Media Convergence by Henry Jenkins reminded by of the readings on Wikipedia and the Wikipedia community in general. Jenkins states in this article that cyberspace websites can result in communities where people communicate with one another. He suggests that these “communities are defined through voluntary, temporary and tactical affiliations” and are “reaffirmed through common intellectual enterprises and emotional investments and are held together through the mutual production and reciprocal exchange of knowledge” (Jenkins, H., 2013, p. 35). This statement can be directly related to the Wikipedia community as it is an online community that is connected through shared knowledge.

Another interesting fact that Jenkins had brought up in his article was the definition of ‘convergence’ and how it affects media’s producers and consumers in today’s society. Jenkins (2013) states the cultural convergence is “both a top-down corporate-driven process and a bottom-up consumer-driven process” (p. 37). It involves the communication between the mass producers of media and the consumers of media. Consumers who were once quiet in the old times are now loud and public and wanting to be heard by the producing companies (Jenkins, H., 2013, p. 38). The producers today sometimes respond to the consumers in what Jenkins (2013) states in contradictory ways, sometimes encouraging change and other times resisting (p. 37).

The other article from the readings that I found interesting was the one by Lucas Hilderbrand called Youtube: Where Cultural Memory and Copyright Converge. In a unique way it is related to the first article that I had mentioned as it also relates to an online community communicating with other online users. Many people use Youtube as a knowledge-sharing online community. As Hilderbrand (2007) states it has “become the go-to website for finding topical and obscure streaming video clips” (p. 48). These videos usually consist of people sharing their own personal information and knowledge over the internet to other people on the internet. As the article states, Youtube has contributed to new culture within the media field (Hilderbrand, L., 2007, p. 49).

Stay Strong, Happy and Healthy .

Hilderbrand, L. (2007). Youtube: Where Cultural Memory and Copyright Converge. Film Quarterly. 61(1), p.48-57.
Jenkins, H. (2004) The Cultural Logic of Media Convergence International Journal of Cultural Studies. March 2004 7: p.33-43.

Op-Ed piece: The workings of Wikipedia

Hello again my fellow bloggers!
I am back again to talk to you about Wikipedia involving the ‘talk’ pages.

The Wikipedia page I have decided to analyse is ‘Rape.’ You can access this page by clicking here.

the world is an evil place
Image found at

Many people think that they understand what rape means simply because they have seen it on television series or seen it in the news. But not many understand or know the true affects of rape because most victims do not talk about it. Think about it, the number of rape is 1 out of a 6 women. If you think you do not know someone who has been in this disgusting situation, think again. How many women do you know? Odds are you know one woman or maybe more and just do not know because they keep it a hidden dark secret.

A myth that I see comes up often on this Wikipedia talk page is that it only affects women. This is far from the truth, though it is not a 1 out of 6 ratio for men, they are still at risk of falling trapped in this awful wrong doing as well.
This is definitely a pitfall I see in Wikipedia, when one reads this talk site of Wikipedia knowing absolutely no information at all on the topic of rape. They would think that it only happens to women, and is the result of “aggression and dominance” by men ( Which is not always the case; being a survivor myself I have acquired quite a deal of knowledge on the topic through scholarly articles, books, my own personal counseling sessions, group counseling etc. It is not always a dominance issue, and yes there is aggression in the perpetrator’s actions and face but it is sometimes a deeper cause than dominance. For example, some perpetrators may have a mental disorder, or have been brought up viewing a male role model doing so such as a father to a mother. Though these are not excuses by any means, it is purely meant to show that Wikipedia is not always the best place to find information. Even if it is just for a starting point as many others have pointed out in their blogs. Starting out with wrong information about a rape, especially if it is a victim looking it up, it may shy them away from healing actions and falling deeper into the shadows of being a victim. That being said, I find it relates to my pervious blog that talked about Giles’ article that compared Wikipedia to Britannica stating that both had significant errors (Giles, 2005, para 4). This point from the talk page of Wikipedia shows that there are errors.

While reading Van Dijck and Nieborg’s article, they state that many people use websites such as Wikipedia, Youtube and Myspace as a place to communicate (Van Dijck & Neiborg, 2009, p. 860). This can definitely be seen in the talk page, though it is not always correct information being shared it. It is still information that people are communicating to one another.
Van Dijck and Neiborg also state that many people use these sites as a form of entertainment (Van Dijck & Neiborg, 2009, p. 862). I had also mentioned this in my other blog post. I did not necessarily find this type of information within this specific talk page about rape, though I am sure there are people out there who use other talk pages on Wikipedia for this type of amusement. I think it would be inappropriate to do on a topic about something as serious as rape.

Stay Strong, Happy and Healthy!

Other Related blogs by other students:

Giles, J. (2005). Special Report: Internet encyclopaedias go head to head. Nature. 438, 900-901.
Van Dijck, J. & Neiborg, D. (2009). Wikinomics and its discontents: a critical analysis of Web 2.0 business manifestos. New Media & Society. 11, 5. P. 855-874.

In conclusion, can a Wiki site be trusted?

Hello fellow bloggers,
How is your week going?

This week’s blog post will be a summary of my last post which can be found here and the post will contain answers and comments on my blog group members’ comments on last weeks post, which can be found in the comments by clicking here.

First, I’d like to say that many of my group members had agreed that in the beginning before reading the articles at all, that they as well thought Wikipedia to be an unreliable source. Especially if writing term papers as a student, or if one wants in depth information on a specific subjects. Many of the group members stated that Wikipedia can be used as a good starting point, to understand the overall basics of a subject, and Chelsea thought it was interesting of me to mention how many people use Wikipedia as a form of entertainment. She admits that she could even spend hours on the website exploring and becoming part of the online community.

It is also important to note, as Kathy pointed out that many of the people who do believe Wikipedia to be a reliable source are children. This however is concerning for me, as when I was growing up through the late years of elementary school and high school was that Wikipedia was not a website we could use as a source. Teachers had always explained to me that the only websites allowed were educational ones that could be recognized by ending their web address in .edu.

While reading my group members blogs and comments, I had noticed that Marissa and I have many common thoughts about Wikipedia and information we had brought up in previous blog posts. For one, we both grew up being told by teachers that Wikipedia is not a reliable source at all, and we were both thoroughly surprised by these articles stating that Britannica is just as bad as far as reliability. After reading these articles on online encyclopaedias, we have both decided that online encyclopaedias are not the way to go for any type of research and that for now as students, online databases, peer-reviewed articles and scholarly books are the best option for knowledge inquiry.

Stay Strong, Happy and Healthy,